Abstract

Video concept learning often requires a large set of training samples. In practice, however, acquiring noise-free training labels with sufficient positive examples is very expensive. A plausible solution for training data collection is by sampling from the vast quantities of images and videos on the Web. Such a solution is motivated by the assumption that the retrieved images or videos are highly correlated with the query. Still, a number of challenges remain. First, Web videos are often untrimmed. Thus, only parts of the videos are relevant to the query. Second, the retrieved Web images are always highly relevant to the issued query. However, thoughtlessly utilizing the images in the video domain may even hurt the performance due to the well-known semantic drift and domain gap problems. As a result, a valid question is how Web images and videos interact for video concept learning. In this paper, we propose a Lead–Exceed Neural Network (LENN), which reinforces the training on Web images and videos in a curriculum manner. Specifically, the training proceeds by inputting frames of Web videos to obtain a network. The Web images are then filtered by the learnt network and the selected images are additionally fed into the network to enhance the architecture and further trim the videos. In addition, Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) can be applied on the trimmed videos to explore temporal information. Encouraging results are reported on UCF101, TRECVID 2013 and 2014 MEDTest in the context of both action recognition and event detection. Without using human annotated exemplars, our proposed LENN can achieve 74.4% accuracy on UCF101 dataset.