The Microsoft Research Asia Faculty Summit 2010 was held in Shanghai, China, October 18–19, 2010. The central theme of this year’s faculty summit was “Technological Trends and Future Talent.” The summit provided an opportunity for leading faculty from the Asia Pacific region to share views about how technological advances and computing trends can present new opportunities for research and development in computer science and other related disciplines. The Computing in the 21st Century Conference followed the summit on October 20.
Technological Trends and Future Talent
The faculty summit will highlight current technological trends, such as cloud-client computing, natural user interaction, and the challenges of large data and its visualization. The demand for training in these fields presents challenges as well as opportunities for developing new talent for the future.
Presentations and discussions will focus on how technology is helping solve issues that society is facing and how to train the future talent to meet societal needs. Participants will have the opportunity to interact directly with visionaries working in these important technical areas and to communicate directly with researchers who are involved in some of the most exciting technologies.
Below are a few of the many topics to be discussed during the Microsoft Research Asia Faculty Summit 2010:
- Cloud-Client Computing. The emergence of cloud computing is an active topic in research and the global industry. What is the impact on hardware advances, computing architectures, data centers, infrastructures, software applications, and intelligent search engines? How do these effects advance the whole ecosystem? How will the proliferations of mobile devices, especially sensor-enabled programmable devices, change the IT industry?
- Natural User Interaction. Emerging technologies will help users manage complexity and interact with computers more intuitively. Advances in vision and perception, gesture and other interaction modalities, real-time natural language processing, and integrative intelligence are leading to systems that anticipate user intent rather than just reacting.
- Challenges of Large Data. To embrace the sweeping changes affecting technical productivity, we will need innovative new platforms for environmental science, astronomy, and nearly every other discipline. Advanced new platforms and visualization tools are now essential for effectively and intelligently processing and analyzing the enormous amounts of data available to researchers.
- Talent Development. With the added complexity and advancements in multiple computing technologies and the increased need for diversified skills, talent development for future researchers has become more important. How can this talent be identified, trained, and inspired? What investments are needed at universities and in curriculums to respond to these changes and demands for future generations? How will the industry and academic communities respond to these challenges?
During the Microsoft Research Asia Faculty Summit 2010 and the 12th annual Computing in the 21st Century Conference, mutually productive interaction with the Asia Pacific academic community took center stage.
By Rob Knies | October 14, 2010 10:00 AM PT
More than 70 million individuals are expected to visit Expo 2010 Shanghai China, which began May 1 and concludes Oct. 31. The event, designed to foster ways in which people can enjoy improved lives in the urban environments of the future, includes as one of its five themes “innovations of science and technology in the city.”
That sentiment was amplified across town Oct. 18-20 when Microsoft Research Asia hosted its Asia Faculty Summit 2010 and the 12th annual Computing in the 21st Century Conference.
The events underscored the facility’s commitment to active, mutually supportive collaboration with academia. The faculty summit, held Oct. 18-19, offered leading faculty members from universities across the Asia Pacific region a chance to hear from some of the world’s most eminent computer scientists and to share views about the opportunities offered by current technological advances and computing trends.
Many of those same faculty members also were on hand on Oct. 20 for the Computing in the 21st Century Conference, which drew almost 2,000 professors and students, from universities in Shanghai, Hangzhou, and adjacent areas, who gathered to gain exposure to the new horizons of computing.
No fewer than three winners of the prestigious A.M. Turing Award, commonly referred to as the “Nobel Prize of computing,” participated in one or both of the events, including Barbara Liskov, institute professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the 2008 Turing recipient; John Hopcroft, IBM Professor of Engineering and Applied Mathematics at Cornell University, who won the award in 1986; and Chuck Thacker, a Microsoft technical fellow who works at Microsoft Research Silicon Valley and who in March was revealed as the winner of the 2009 honor.
That sort of star power is but one reason why the conference has drawn 30,000 attendees over its history—and has led Wenjun Zhang, vice president of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, to call the event “the most significant academic exchange in Chinese computer-science research.”
“This conference is a fantastic way for us to engage the academic community in the Asia Pacific region,” says Feng Zhao, assistant managing director of Microsoft Research Asia, “and to provide thought leadership on what’s coming to computing in the next five to 10 years.”
Attendees of the events learned about some of the areas in which cutting-edge research is being conducted today, much of it within Asia Pacific universities and research facilities. The Asia Faculty Summit and the Computing in the 21st Century Conference underscored opportunities for computer scientists, now and in the future, to play a role in solving society’s most challenging problems and to help determine how future generation will work, play, and communicate.
Asia Faculty Summit 2010
The excitement began Oct. 18 at the Hyatt on the Bund, with the first day of the Asia Faculty Summit, which featured as its theme Technological Trends and Future Talent. The event focused on three burgeoning directions of computer-science research:
- Cloud-Client Computing: Topics discussed included the impact on hardware, computer architectures, data centers, infrastructure, software, and search—and how the entire ecosystem can be advanced. In addition, presenters explored how the advent of mobile devices will change the IT industry, particularly those devices that are sensor-enabled and programmable.
- Natural User Interaction: The future direction of computing will enable users to manage the complexity they encounter and to interact with computers in a more intuitive fashion. Systems soon will be able to anticipate user intent, rather than merely react, by means of technologies that provide advances in vision and perception, gesture and other new ways of interaction, natural language processing in real time, and integrative intelligence.
- The Challenges of Large Data: The current and coming onslaught of scientific data requires new platforms that will enhance many disciplines, including environmental science and astronomy. Effective, intelligent processing of this data bonanza will depend on advanced computing platforms and visualization tools.
The Asia Faculty Summit featured presentations and discussions that addressed the means by which technology can help to solve societal issues, as well as ways in which future talent can be best trained to meet the needs of society.
Attendees enjoyed a rare opportunity to interact directly with some of the world’s foremost experts in these areas and to communicate with researchers working on some of these intriguing technologies.
Lolan Song, senior director of University Relations for Microsoft Research Asia, opened the event by welcoming the attendees and providing an overview of Microsoft Research Asia’s collaborative efforts with academics.
“About 300 people attended the Faculty Summit this year,” Song says, “from 90 universities and research institutes in Asia. They were deans, department heads, researchers, and faculty members representing computer science, electrical engineering, and other cross-disciplinary areas.”
Rick Rashid, Microsoft Research senior vice president, provided an update on his organization’s activities, and Thacker delivered a presentation entitled RARE: Rethinking Architectural Research and Education.
The morning session concluded with a panel discussion on the Internet of Things, chaired by Zhao and featuring David Culler, professor and associate chair of the Computer Science Division within the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at the University of California, Berkeley; Guihai Chen of Nanjing University; Hideyuki Tokuda of Japan’s Keio University; and Catharine van Ingen, partner architect for the External Research division of Microsoft Research.
The first of four presentations during the afternoon session on Oct. 18, Cloud Computing Paradigm Shift, was delivered by Enwei Xie, general manager of Microsoft China’s Greater China Region Developer Platform Evangelism group.
A second Turing Award recipient, Hopcroft, followed with a presentation entitled Growing Talent, for which Baining Guo, assistant managing director of Microsoft Research Asia, served as session chair. That talk fell squarely into another of the Asia Faculty Summit’s focus areas, the increasing importance of talent development amid the complexity of multiple computing technologies and the need for diversified skills, which will require curriculum investments by universities to identify, train, and inspire this talent.
A pair of esteemed Microsoft researchers delivered the day’s final presentations. Curtis Wong, principal researcher at Microsoft Research Redmond, discussed The WorldWide Telescope: Challenges and Opportunities with Visualizing a Universe of Big Data, along with Chenzhou Cui, chief information officer at the National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. And Wei-Ying Ma, assistant managing director of Microsoft Research Asia, talked on Empowering People with Knowledge: The Next Frontier for Web Search.
The day concluded with a second panel discussion, entitled Fourth Paradigm—Exploring Trends and Talents for Data-Intensive Science, chaired by Tony Hey, corporate vice president of External Research and co-editor of the recent book The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery. The panelists included Key-Sun Choi of the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology; Jinpeng Huai of Beihang University; Jimmy Liu of Singapore’s Agency for Science, Technology and Research; and Junichi Tsujii of the University of Tokyo and the University of Manchester.
The second day of the Faculty Summit featured a trio of morning breakout sessions:
- Natural User Interaction: Chaired by Frank Soong of Microsoft Research Asia, and featuring participants Masataka Goto of the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, James Landay of the University of Washington, Chin-Yew Lin and Jian Sun of Microsoft Research Asia, and Stewart Tansley of External Research.
- Mobile Sensing: Co-chaired by Zhao and Jacky Shen, also of Microsoft Research Asia, this session included participants Guihai Chen, Hao-Hua Chu of National Taiwan University, Shen, and Tokuda.
- Finding, Keeping, and Nurturing Talent: The Key to Success: Co-chaired by Guo and Weiping Li of the University of Science and Technology of China, this session featured participants Sadaoki Furui of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Mounir Hamdi of The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hopcroft, Seung-won Hwang of the Pohang University of Science and Technology, Xiaoning Ling of the X-Gainian Foundation, HyunWook Park of the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Lolan Song, and Xin Zou of Microsoft Research Asia.
On the afternoon of Oct. 19, the faculty members attended a demo fair held at Microsoft’s Zizhu campus in Shanghai to explore and discuss 22 technology projects from Microsoft Research Asia, other Microsoft Research facilities, and a host of Asia Pacific academic partners.
“The summit provided valuable opportunities for Asian academia to meet with each other and to explore collaborative opportunities with the researchers at Microsoft Research Asia,” Song said. “It is the most exciting and significant event for University Relations this year, and I enjoyed seeing old friends and meeting new ones.”
Computing in the 21st Century
One of the biggest, most influential gatherings in computer-science education in the Asia Pacific region, the Computing in the 21st Century Conference, chaired by Zhao, was held for the second time in Shanghai, where the event occurred in 2001. This year’s conference featured the theme People, Computing and the Physical World.
Those in attendance Oct. 20 at Shanghai Jiao Tong University—co-host of the conference, along with Microsoft Research Asia—heard about the connections between people and computing, the intricacies of the physical and cyber worlds, and the impact of cloud computing and sensor networking on people’s lives.
Zhao notes how the conference has evolved over the last dozen years.
“We have been at the epicenter of leading computer-science research in this region for the last 12 years,” he says. “This conference has been a watershed of change in the computing scene. It’s been an incredible journey, from core computing to the broad societal impact of computing.”
Leading lights in computer science from China and around the world spoke during the event. All three of the aforementioned Turing winners appeared, and the intellectual firepower hardly stopped there.
In addition to keynote addresses from Liskov, Thacker, and Hopcroft, the audience heard talks from Rashid; Culler; Mahadev Satyanarayanan, Carnegie Group Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University; and Hsiao-Wuen Hon, managing director of Microsoft Research Asia.
“We had an exciting and diverse set of speakers this year,” Zhao says. “This was a forum for students, faculty members, and leading scientists from around the world to have an engaging dialogue on where computing is heading and what it means to society in areas such as energy, environment, and social networks.”